Factoring Terminology

Accounts Receivable

A commercial debt due for repayment usually in 30 - 90 days. In the factoring industry the accounts receivable is what a company sell to a factor.

Advance Rate

The amount of money provided immediately to the company factoring its accounts receivable expressed as a percentage of the total invoice amount. Advance rates usually range from 75% to 95%.


An individual who pairs clients in need of cash with appropriate financial entities including factors.


The amount of one client's accounts receivable due from a single customer.


The party to who money is owed.

Discount Rate

The percentage of the face value of an invoice that a factor holds as it fee.

Due Diligence

The verification of information and its documentation given to a factor in order to facilitate a decision as to whether or not a particular invoice should be purchased.


A company that provides businesses with operating capital by purchasing their accounts receivable.


Factoring is the process of purchasing commercial accounts receivable (invoices) from a business at a discount.


Advancing money (based on the advance rate) to a client.


A legal debt instrument which indicates the amount due from a customer to pay for delivered goods or services.


The amount of money that is not immediately provided to the company factoring accounts receivables, expressed as a percentage of the total invoice amount (Advance Rate + Reserve = 100% or Total Invoice Amount). This money is transferred to the client once payment is received by the factor.

Schedule of Accounts

Report given by the client to the factor. The report lists information about the account of each of the client's customers.


A step during the due diligence process in which a factor confirms the validity of an invoice with the customer.

Since 1992, Graco Mortgage has been providing businesses with the financing resources to help them grow, increase inventory, and make payroll on time and effectively compete in the market place.